anchor

The HTML element that connects Web documents. Anchors either jump to another location, or are jumped to by other anchors. They have two major attributes: HREF or NAME. When you insert an anchor with an HREF attribute into your document, the anchor is a hyperlink to another location-either to a file outside of the current document, or to a different location within the same document. When you insert an anchor with a NAME attribute, the anchor becomes a destination for other hyperlinks to jump to. In Word, this kind of anchor is called a bookmark.

BASE (URL)

Quoted from HTML specification 2.0, a work in progress:

The BASE element allows the URL of the document itself to be recorded in situations in which the document may be read out of context. URLs within the document may be in a 'partial' form relative to this base address. Where the base address is not specified, the browser uses the URL it used to access the document to resolve any relative URLs. The one attribute for BASE is HREF, which identifies the URL.

Say that the URL of a home page is http://www.myhome/default.htm. All relative links on this page are resolved using this URL-for example, a browser will look for the graphic specified in <IMG SRC="images/mygraphic.gif"> at http://www.myhome/default.htm/images/mygraphic.gif. If you add a base element to the home page that gives http://www.myhome/default.htm/ as its attribute, you can move the home page and the relative links will continue to be resolved using that base URL.

bookmark

In Word, bookmarks are used to name a location or section of text in a file. The HTML equivalent of a Word bookmark is an anchor with the NAME attribute; this type of anchor is used as a destination for hyperlinks. In Internet Assistant, you use bookmarks to create anchors with the NAME attribute.

For more information, click Create a bookmark-like anchor that other hyperlinks can jump to.

browser

Software that interprets the markup of HTML files posted on the World Wide Web, formats them into Web pages, and displays them to the user. Browsers can also play sound or video files embedded in Web documents if you have the necessary hardware. Internet Assistant is both a browser and an HTML editor.

FTP - File Transfer Protocol

A software standard that allows the movement of files from one computer on the Internet to another.You can use Internet Assistant to copy files from FTP servers, but you cannot use it to post files to FTP servers.

URLs of files on FTP servers begin with the string ftp://

GIF - Graphics Interchange Format

A graphics file format that many Web browsers can display as inline graphics. GIF was developed specifically for transmitting images. It is best used for graphics with few colors, such as cartoons or line drawings. GIF files are compressed bitmaps. See also JPEG.

gopher

An interface that allows access to resources on the Internet. Gopher servers contain menus that list categories of information to choose from. Gopher menus have the same function as hyperlinks in Web documents. You can access gopher servers using Internet Assistant.

URLs of files on gopher servers begin with the string gopher:// head

The head element is a collection of information about a document that is used by programs outside of the document. <TITLE> is the only mandatory tag in the head element.

Note that although you do not need to add <HEAD> tags directly because Internet Assistant automatically adds them, you do need to create a <TITLE> tag for each document. For more information, click HTML Document Head Information.

HREF - hypertext reference

Attribute of the HTML anchor element that identifies the anchor as a hyperlink. The value of the HREF determines the destination of the hyperlink.

HTML - Hypertext Markup Language

A system of marking up, or tagging, a document so it can be published on the World Wide Web. Using a generic markup language allows a single text file to be displayed on multiple computer platforms by many types of display software, or browsers. Internet Assistant supports HTML level 2.0 as well as some commonly used tags that are not yet part of the HTML specification. See HTML Tags and Equivalent Word Commands.

You incorporate HTML markup in a document to define the function (as distinct from the appearance) of different text elements. The appearance of these text elements is not defined at the authoring stage; formatting is applied when a browser decides how it is going to display the text elements.

HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol

World Wide Web standard for transferring data between Web servers and clients. URLs of files on Web servers begin with the string http://

hyperlink - hypertext link

Hyperlinks are the "hot spots" that connect Web documents to other files on the Internet. Hyperlinks can connect to a location within the same file, or to a document on a server halfway around the world. Hyperlinks can be used to display text and graphics, and-with the necessary hardware support and software viewers installed-video, sound, animation, and even files from productivity applications such as spreadsheets and word processors.

Hyperlinks are created with the HTML anchor element. The locations they lead to are specified by the HREF attribute of the anchor element.

Image - IMG

The HTML element used for embedding inline graphics into your document.

The SRC attribute, which gives the location of the graphic, is mandatory.

The ALT attribute, which defines text for a non-graphical browser to display in place of the graphic, is strongly suggested.

The ALIGN attribute specifies the relative position between the graphic and any text displayed in the same line. The three values are TOP, BOTTOM, and CENTER.

The HEIGHT and WIDTH attributes specify the size you want your graphic displayed in, in pixels. Providing these values allows a browser to display your graphic more quickly.

There is no end tag for <IMG>.

Internet

A network of networks that share a set of protocols, such as TCP/IP and FTP. The Internet has grown from a network of U.S. government and university servers to an international network that encompasses commercial organizations as well. It wasn't until the World Wide Web was established in the early 1990s that the Internet became versatile and easy to use, and its popularity is now expanding at an exponential rate.

ISINDEX

Quoted from HTML specification 2.0, a work in progress:

The ISINDEX element informs the browser that the document is an index document. An index document can be queried with a keyword search by adding a question mark to the end of the document address, followed by a list of keywords separated by plus signs. See the network address format for more information.

ISMAP

Attribute of the image element that informs the browser that the image is a sensitive map-that is, a graphic that contains hyperlinks. You set the ISMAP attribute with Internet Assistant, but you need to work with your Web administrator to generate the graphic's associated map file. For more information, click Insert an ISMAP image.

JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group

A graphics file format supported by many Web browsers. JPEG was developed for compressing and storing photographic images and is best used for graphics containing many colors, such as scanned photos. JPEG files, which have a *.JPG extension in Windows, are compressed bitmaps.

MIME - Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

A standard that allows binary data to be published and read on the Internet. The header of a file with binary data contains the MIME type of the data; this informs client programs (Web browsers and mail packages, for instance) that they will need to handle the data some way other than they handle straight text. For example, the header of a Web document containing a JPEG graphic contains the MIME type specific to the JPEG file format. This allows a browser to display the file with its JPEG viewer, if one is present.

proxy server

A way to protect your local area network from being accessed by others on the Internet. The proxy server acts as a security barrier between your internal network and the Internet, keeping others on the Internet from accessing confidential information on your internal network.

relative link

One of two ways to identify the destination of a hyperlink. The destination of a relative link is given by describing its position relative to the file the hyperlink is located in. You only use a relative link when you can control the location of the file you are jumping to.

The other way to identify the destination of a hyperlink is by using a URL, which can be thought of as a fixed file location, or absolute link. A URL identifies the destination of a hyperlink by its full network address, not by its address in relation to the active document. You give a URL as the destination of a hyperlink when you don't control the location of the file you are jumping to on the Internet.

tag

Text in angle brackets that represents HTML markup. Web browsers display text and graphic elements based on the tags an author used. The tag itself is not displayed by the browser. For example, the text

Make <B>this text</B> look bold

is displayed like this by a browser:

Make this text look bold

When you create HTML documents in Internet Assistant, you don't have to type HTML tags. Internet Assistant automatically converts Word styles into HTML tags for you.

TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

Internet standard for transferring data among networked computers.

URL - Uniform Resource Locator

Identifies the full path of a document, graphic, or other file to locate it on the Internet. In a Web document, the destination of a hyperlink is often a URL.

The first part of a URL identifies the server type or transfer protocol, followed by a colon and double forward slashes. Some examples of URLs are given below.

http://www.someones.homepage/default.html

ftp://ftp.server.somewhere/ftp.file

gopher://server.name

WWW - World Wide Web

A group of Internet servers that share a set of protocols, such as HTTP, and conventions, such as HTML. Using Web browsing software, you can activate hyperlinks in Web documents and jump from one location to another in any order you choose. You can also open documents on Web servers that contain many types of information-not just text, but sound, animations, video, etc. If your computer is capable, you can view these videos and play back the sound files. For further information, see http://www.w3.org/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html.